Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous, enlarged prostate gland. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube that is responsible for carrying urine from the bladder out of the body.
The prostate gland is a small, yet important male organ. The gland is located just below the bladder. It normally measures one inch by one-and-a-half inches (approximately the size of a walnut). It surrounds the urethra (the tube that takes urine out of the bladder), and is responsible for producing most of the fluid found in mail ejaculate.
Some facts about BPH:
- The hormone testosterone, which is produced mainly by the testicles, is needed in order for BPH to develop.
- A metabolite of testosterone called Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) plays a large role in enlargement of cells of the prostate and the squeezing of the urethra.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a normal part of the aging process in men, caused by changes in cell growth and in hormone balance
- An enlarged prostate gland it the source of many irritating and uncomfortable symptoms
- BPH is not cancer and does not cause prostate cancer
- BPH typically affects men in their fourth to fifth decade of life and beyond, with an estimated 90% of men over 70 suffering from this condition
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also known as benign prostatic hypertrophy
- BPH does not affect a man’s ability to father children, nor does it cause erection problems
MDforMen can diagnose BPH by taking a medical history, asking questions about your symptoms, and by doing a physical exam. Other tests may include a urine test (urinalysis) and a digital rectal exam, where the doctor feels the size of your prostate.
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