Hypogonadism happens when your sex glands produce little or no sex hormones. The sex glands, also called gonads, are located in the testes in men. Sex hormones help control sex characteristics, testicle development, and pubic hair growth. Sex hormones also play a part in sperm production. Hypogonadism may also be called gonad deficiency, low serum testosterone, Low T or andropause.
There are two types of hypogonadism: primary and central:
Primary hypogonadism is the lack of enough sex hormones in your body due to a problem in the gonads. The gonads are still getting the message to produce hormones from your brain, but are not capable of producing them. The common causes 0f primary hypogonadism include:
- hemochromatosis (when the body absorbs too much iron)
- liver and kidney diseases
- autoimmune disorders, such as Addison’s disease and hypoparathyroidism
- surgery on the sex organs
Central hypogonadism is centered in the brain. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland-which control the gonads-are no longer working properly, and decrease the amount of testosterone released by the testes. The common causes of central hypogonadism include:
- genetic disorders, such as Kallmann syndrome
- infections, including HIV and AIDS
- rapid weight loss
- nutritional deficiencies
- use of steroids or opiates
- injury to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus
If you suffer from hypogonadism, you may well suffer from testosterone deficiency, and some or all of the problems that accompany it.
Contact MDforMen today and set up an appointment to be examined.